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11.06.2010 » Mythbusters, part 2: een ?mondvol? food for thought

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In de Fabeltjeskrant staat geschreven dat de opname van 1.0 Ó 1.3 gram koolhydraten per kilogram lichaamsgewicht per uur prestatiebevorderend werkt; dat de ?sportdrank?, de gels en de ?energierepen? in ons gastro´ntestinaal systeem dus moeten geabsorbeerd zijn alvorens nuttig te kunnen zijn; en dat het bijgevolg ook zeer twijfelachtig is dat de consumptie van ?vast voedsel? (energierepen, bananen of mattentaartjes voor de Lance Armstrongs onder ons) tijdens inspanning enige zoden aan de dijk zet (wegens quasi onmogelijk verteerbaar).

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In Brain Research staat geschreven:




Brain Res. 2010 Apr 11. [Epub ahead of print]

Carbohydrate in the mouth immediately facilitates motor output.

Gant N, Stinear CM, Byblow WD.
Exercise Metabolism Laboratory, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

The presence of carbohydrate in the mouth can immediately improve physical performance. How this occurs is not well understood. Here we used transcranial magnetic stimulation of primary motor cortex (M1) to investigate the effects of non-sweet carbohydrate on corticomotor excitability and voluntary force production.

In Experiment 1, 16 participants performed a fatiguing isometric elbow flexion exercise for 30min, and Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the biceps brachii during maximal voluntary force (MVF) produced every 2min. After 11min participants drank a carbohydrate solution (CHO) or an energy-free placebo solution (PLA), in a double-blind, cross-over protocol. MEP amplitude increased by 30%, and MVF increased by 2%, immediately after carbohydrate ingestion. There was no relationship between the facilitation of MEP amplitude and plasma glucose or magnitude of fatigue.

In a control experiment, 17 participants alternately mouth-rinsed CHO and PLA, in a randomized, double-blind protocol. MEPs were recorded from right first dorsal interosseous at rest or during isometric contraction. MEP amplitude increased by 9% with CHO, when the muscle was voluntarily activated.

In both experiments, there were no effects on silent period duration, indicating that MEP facilitation was not due to reduced inhibition within M1.

This is the first demonstration that carbohydrate in the mouth immediately increases the excitability of the corticomotor pathway, prior to its ingestion. Afference from oral receptors is integrated with descending motor output, perhaps via nuclei in the brainstem. This novel form of sensorimotor integration facilitates corticomotor output to both fatigued and fresh muscle.

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